Facts about Hungarian politics

Economic whitening in Hungary

April 2017

The problem of corruption is, at varying intensity, practically continually present in Hungarian public discourse. As a result, Hungarians are inclined either to write off their country as irredeemably corrupt or to describe it as a “country of loopholes”. While not identical to the notion of corruption, the closely related problem of the informal and shadow economy also involves “searching for loopholes”. The spread and long-term subsistence of the informal and shadow economy is detrimental not only from the economic point of view but also take its toll on the country and its population in a moral sense. While one could say that this system looks back on long traditions in Hungary, research findings confirm that the majority of people dislike living in these conditions. Over the past years, the government has adopted important measures to push back concealed economic activity and thus reduce damages affecting society.

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Reform of the Hungarian electoral system

April 2017

In 2014, the number of MPs was reduced from 386 to 199: Compared to its land area and population, Hungary had a disproportionately high number of MPs until 2014. The new, 199-member National Assembly, however, fits the size of the country. The smaller Parliament also necessitated the remodelling of the electoral system because previous regulations could not be automatically applied with the reduced number of mandates. The National Assembly decided on the new system in 2011, allowing for parties running at elections in 2014 to make preparations in due time.

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The labour market situation in Hungary (2010-2016)  

April 2017

Between January 2010 and December 2016, the number of those in employment in Hungary expanded by over 700 000 persons. Parallel to this, unemployment was reduced by 300 000 persons and the headcount of the economically inactive population fell by close to 600 000 persons. Over the same period, the working-age population (those between the ages of 15 and 74) fell by over 170 000 in Hungary.

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The Hungarian media market and the evening news

May 2017

On the whole, the market of television channels producing political content in Hungary can be considered balanced. RTL Klub, a channel chiefly broadcasting material critical of the cabinet, airs a daily news programme from 6 p.m. Likewise, HírTV and ATV – two television channels with a critical approach to the government – also air several news programmes each day, similarly to the more government-friendly EchoTV.

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